There are multiple reasons to need a PCIe switch. These can include expanding PCIe connectivity to more devices than the CPU is capable, to extend a PCIe fabric across multiple hosts, to generate failover support, or to increase device-to-device communication bandwidth in limited scenarios. With the advent of PCIe 4.0 processors and devices such as graphics, SSDs and FPGAs, an upgrade from the range of PCIe 3.0 switches to PCIe 4.0 was needed. Microchip has recently announced its new Switchtec PAX line of PCIe Switches, offering up to 100 lane variants supporting 52 devices and 174 GBps switching capabilities.

For readers not embedded in the enterprise world, you may remember in the past we have had a number of PCIe switches enter the consumer market. Initially we saw devices like the nF200 appear on high-end motherboards like the EVGA SR2, and then the PLX PEX switches on Z77 motherboards allowing 16-lane CPUs to offer 32 lanes of connectivity. Some vendors even went a bit overboard, offering dual switches and up to 22 SATA ports with an add-in LSI Raid controller with four-way SLI connectivity, all through a 16-lane CPU.

Recently, we haven’t seen much consumer use of these big PCIe switches. This is due to a couple of main factors – PLX was acquired by Avago in 2014 in a deal that valued the company at $300m, and seemingly overnight the cost of these switches increased three-fold according to my sources at the time, making them unpalatable for consumer use. The next generation of PEX 9000 switches were, by contrast to the PEX 8000 we saw in the consumer space, feature laden with switch-to-switch fabric connectivity and failover support. Avago then purchased Broadcom, and renamed themselves Broadcom, but the situation is still the same, with the switches focused in the server space and making the market ripe for competition. Enter Microchip.

Microchip has been on my radar for a while, and I met with them at Supercomputing 2019. At the time, when asked about PCIe 4.0 switches, I was told ‘soon’. The new Switchtec PAX switches are that line.

There will be six products, varying from 28-lane to 100-lane support, and bifurcation down to x1. These switches operate in an all-to-all capacity, meaning any lane can be upstream or downstream supported. Thus if a customer wanted a 1-to-99 conversion, despite the potential bottleneck, it would be possible. The new switches support hot-plug per-port, operate low-power Serdes connections, support OCuLink, and can be used with passive, managed, or optical cabling.

Customers for these switches will have access to real-time diagnostics for signaling, as well as fabric management software for the end-point systems. The all-to-all connectivity supports partial chip failure and bypass, along with partial reset features. This makes building a fabric across multiple hosts and devices fairly straightforward, with a variety of topologies supported.

When asked, pricing was given, which means it will depend on the customer and volume. We can imagine a vendor like Dell or Supermicro if they haven’t got fixed contracts with Broadcom switches to perhaps look into these solutions for distributed implementations or storage devices. Some of the second/third tier server vendors I spoke to at Computex were only just deploying PEX 9000-series switches, so perhaps deployment of Gen 4 switches might be more of a 2021/2022 target.

Those interested in Microchip are advised to contact their local representative.

Users looking for a PCIe switch enabled consumer motherboard should look at Supermicro’s new Z490 motherboards. Both are using PEX 8747 chips to expand the PCIe offering on Intel’s Comet Lake from 16 lanes to 32 lanes.

Source: Microchip

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  • Spunjji - Wednesday, June 3, 2020 - link

    Weird how certain posters have more to say about what AMD fanboys are saying than any AMD fanboys can be seen to say for themselves.
  • DigitalFreak - Wednesday, June 3, 2020 - link

    What are you babbling on about?
  • ballsystemlord - Monday, June 1, 2020 - link

    Now if only some Ryzen MBs had these.
  • supdawgwtfd - Monday, June 1, 2020 - link

    For what purpose?
  • Slash3 - Monday, June 1, 2020 - link

    Acting as a PCI Express 4.0 switch, I'd venture to guess.
  • dotjaz - Tuesday, June 2, 2020 - link

    Again, for what purpose? I assume you want more than 3 x16 connectors.
  • bananaforscale - Tuesday, June 2, 2020 - link

    3 x16 connectors isn't 3 *electrically* x16 connectors in Ryzen. Multiplexed x16 is still faster than unmultiplexed anything less.
  • Jorgp2 - Tuesday, June 2, 2020 - link

    Wasting money
  • YB1064 - Monday, June 1, 2020 - link

    This is a winner in PXIe mainframes.
  • eek2121 - Monday, June 1, 2020 - link

    I was just thinking about this the other day. AMD's approach isn't the best when it comes to chipsets. IMO costumers would be better served if they pushed 64 lanes (in a future socket) directly to a switch and allowed motherboard manufacturers to decide how to delegate those 64 lanes. Switches add a small amount of latency, but the tradeoff is worth it IMO. An example would be providing a PCIE 3.0 x16 slot from 8 PCIE 4.0 lanes. Another is a motherboard that is more storage oriented, with quadruple PCIE 4.0 m.2 slots.

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